New Moscow Airport Stalled By Vanishing Passengers
Moscow's new international airport is set to open next month with only a handful of airlines and faces a struggle to win passengers from rivals after Russia's economic crisis.
The Zhukovsky airport terminal was inaugurated by Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev on Monday, part of a RUB10 billion rouble (USD$152 million) project to redevelop a cargo airfield used for Cold War flight testing 40 km south-east of Moscow.
The airport, a joint venture between state-run investor Rostec and Lithuania's Avia Solutions Group, will host routes from Moscow to cities in the former Soviet Union.
It was conceived at a time when the Russian capital's three biggest airports were regularly operating at maximum capacity and was meant to tap rising airline traffic, then growing at 10 percent per year.
But a steep economic downturn caused by lower oil prices and Western sanctions over Ukraine has hit the aviation market hard.
The empty terminal, with 18 check-in desks, two cafes and a medium-sized duty free shop, has an operating capacity of 2 million passengers a year.
The airport's total capacity is set to rise to 12 million passengers by 2020, Rostec said, but so far it has only reached operating agreements with four airlines
Just two of those, Air Kyrgyzstan and Kazakhstan's SCAT Airlines, carry passengers and will operate around 20 flights a week, Rostec said.
Assuming 150 passengers on each plane, that means Zhukovsky's traffic could total just 156,000 passengers a year, well below its 2 million capacity.
Passenger numbers in Russia fell 4 percent last year and are seen falling 5 percent in 2016.
"Today the existing airports are sufficiently freed up to be able to provide the required slots," said Alexander Burtin, commercial director of Russia's Tez Tour tourism agency.
"A couple of years ago there was more demand when the first stone was laid, (but) now the situation has been complicated by economic conditions."
More than 20 airlines quit the Russian market in 2015 and traffic at Moscow's Domodedovo airport, previously the capital's largest air hub, fell by 3 million to 30.5 million.
Zhukovsky will have to compete with Domodedovo as well as Moscow's Sheremetyevo and Vnukovo airports, whose 2015 passenger numbers were 31.3 million and 15.8 million respectively.
While its rivals are served by dedicated rail services from central Moscow, the new terminal is only accessible by roads frequently choked with traffic jams. That has cost it potentially lucrative new customers such as low cost airline Pobeda, operated by state flag carrier Aeroflot.
"As a secondary airport, (Zhukovsky) could be interesting for Pobeda," said an Aeroflot spokesman. "But in order to consider this possibility, the airport's access infrastructure needs to be secured."