787 Carries First Passengers And Boeing's Hopes
A Boeing 787 Dreamliner flew to Hong Kong from Tokyo carrying its first paying passengers on Wednesday in a flight that could set a new benchmark in air travel.
Its takeoff into clear blue skies after a salute and shower by an airport fire truck came exactly 53 years after Boeing's first ever jet, the 707, began commercial services for PanAm.
The 787 does not fly any faster than that first aircraft, but it is not supposed to. Instead, it is designed to make the hours aloft more pleasant for passengers and cheaper to fly for owners battling for profit amid the rise of low cost carriers.
The 787 that flew to Hong Kong with 240 passengers is owned by All Nippon Airways and a jubilant Shinichiro Ito, the airline's president, described his brand new plane as a "game changer."
He acknowledged, however, that production problems that delayed delivery for three years had put his carrier "through hard times".
With its mostly carbon-composite body, Boeing's technological flagship offers a 20 percent improvement in fuel efficiency and a 30 percent reduction in maintenance costs.
Its cabin builders promise a flight with ambient lighting engineered to lull passengers to sleep. The cabin also boasts higher air pressure that will make the interior feel like 6,000 feet rather than the 8,000 feet on other jets.
Passengers on ANA's jet were treated to lighting of shifting hues, including a rainbow display as the aircraft lifted off from the tarmac in Tokyo.
Its other bells and whistles include windows that are 30 percent bigger and which can be dimmed electronically, seat-to-seat e-mail, bidet-equipped lavatories with their own windows and bigger touchscreen entertainment panels.
Gino Bertuccio, an Italian cosmetic importer living in Miami, said he liked the windows, although he wondered how well they will work after wear and tear and curious children.
Bertuccio, who describes himself as an aviation enthusiast spent USD$30,000 in an auction to buy his ticket on the flight.
"I don't have a wife that might say no," he explained as the cabin dimmed to a mellow rainbow.
Boeing's focus on making the 787 more comfortable and lighter also points to the reality that faster, gas-guzzling air travel is not the industry's future.
The continuing squeeze on profits from budget carriers and high fuel costs have made the luxury of time-saving too rich for ANA and other airlines, and forced Boeing and European rival Airbus to adapt their products.
"For carriers with high operating margins, the 787 is critical for gaining a cost competitiveness," said Masaharu Hirokane, an analyst at Nomura Holding in Tokyo. "For ANA to be a launch customer is a plus."
The Dreamliner was originally conceived in 2001 as the "Sonic Cruiser," designed for a bygone era of aviation that quickly morphed into one filled with bankruptcies. It was a design that promised the first serious speed increase since the advent of the now defunct Concorde.
Most airliners cruise at around eight-tenths the speed of sound. The Sonic Cruiser promised mach 0.98, lopping hours off long-haul flights between Tokyo and New York. But back then oil was a third of the cost and as it began a climb to near USD$100 a barrel, Boeing and its airline customers changed course.
Thus was born the 787, its only link to the shelved Sonic Cruiser proposal being the use of carbon composites.
The Dreamliner's success or failure will depend much on Japan, the only major aviation market where Boeing clearly dominates its European rival.
More than a third of the 787 is built by Japanese companies, including Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Kawasaki Heavy Industries and Fuji Heavy Industries.
Of Boeing's 787 backlog of 821 orders built up over the three years of delays, nearly a tenth of them are from Japan.
ANA's Ito said on Wednesday his airline expects to have seven 787s by the end of the year, nine by the end of the business year in March 31 and 20 a year after that.
Boeing's vice president in charge of the 787, Scott Fancher, joined Ito on the first commercial flight and said his company was sticking to a target of building 10 of the aircraft a month by 2013.
"We are comfortable we have an executable plan," he said, declining to say how many will be built by the end of the year.
He also demurred on the question of what Boeing would do with production slots for 24 787s cancelled by China Eastern Airlines on October 17 because it was unable to wait for output to pick up.
Air New Zealand too voiced concerns over possible further delays last week. The carrier said it is seeking compensation from Boeing.
The plane builder on September 26 said it expects to break even on the plane this decade. Boeing releases its latest earnings results in the United States on Wednesday.
ANA however, remains fiercely loyal. That enthusiasm may extend to a stretched version of the Dreamliner, the 787-10. While Boeing has yet to commit to a launch, the Japanese airline's vice president, Keisuke Okada said on the flight "the dash 10 is very attractive for us". ANA, he added, encouraged Boeing to go ahead with a launch.
Enthusiasm among other Japanese and other airlines for the 787 has been undimmed by the delays.
"Airlines are, if anything, even more keen to get their hands on the aircraft. The advanced technology used in the 787 means that, in spite of the delays, it is still ahead of its time," said Paul Sheridan, head of risk advisory at aviation consultancy Ascend.
The 100 seats available to paying passengers on the flight sold out as soon as they went on sale, with 25,505 people online for the scarce tickets priced at JPY¥78,700. A pair of tickets that ANA offered on the Yahoo auction site for charity sold for JPY¥890,000 (USD$11,680).
Tsuneko Hayashi, from Tokyo, was one of the few who got a ticket.
"It's light so it might flip over in the wind," she quipped as she waited to board the plane as ANA's Ito and Boeing's Fancher prepared to crack open a sake cask with wooden hammers to toast the flight. "I am really interested in it," she added.
The aircraft made it safely to Hong Kong where it was greeted by another fire engine shower, drums and dancing lions.