France said on Monday it hoped its new black list of airlines banned from landing in France would speed up European moves to "name and shame" airlines who failed to meet international safety standards.
France, and Belgium, listed on the Internet 14 companies banned from using their airports or airspace due to concerns over their safety or aircraft maintenance record.
International airline safety has become a particularly sensitive issue following four fatal crashes in August alone in which more than 330 people died.
"This list also has the merit, we hope, of leading the way at a European level, so that we get a European blacklist as soon as possible," said Maxime Coffin, director of France's DGAC civil aviation authority.
"We believe publication is a deterrent, a warning to other companies that have not been sufficiently rigorous, that shows them that if they don't take the necessary steps, one day they too could be banned," he told a news conference.
On the web site www.dgac.fr, France also published "white lists" of approved charter airlines used by French tour operators which met international safety standards.
French Transport Minister Dominique Perben on Thursday had vowed to publish the lists in response to the deaths of 152 French nationals on August 16, when a jet from Colombia's West Caribbean Airways crashed in Venezuela.
But it was unclear whether publication of the DGAC lists would have prevented the West Caribbean tragedy. The airline passed two safety checks on French territory, though Perben said tests would have been tougher had France been informed of previous problems with the airline.
A Colombian audit found a lack of crew training, incorrect use of flight logs and maintenance problems.
"Unfortunately, putting this or that company on a list is not enough to prevent accidents," said Coffin. The DGAC was reliant on national air safety bodies faithfully enforcing standards and reporting concerns to international bodies.
Another senior DGAC official, Pierre-Yves Bissauge, said West Caribbean had not been put on the current blacklist out of respect for the feelings of relatives of those killed in the Venezuela crash.
Coffin said it would take time to harmonize air safety blacklists across the 25 nation European Union, which was why France had decided to act now. The United States and Britain already publish their own black lists but use different criteria than France.
Under a recent EU directive, airline manufacturers, maintenance workshops, inspection services and airlines were to notify all significant events to a national database.
The data would in turn be connected to a central pan-European network but the system would not be operational for another couple of months, Coffin said.
EU airline safety experts from the 25 nation bloc and the European Commission will meet on September 8 in Brussels to discuss drafting common standards for banning an aircraft, EU Transport Commissioner Jacques Barrot said on France 2 television.
"2006 will be the year of air safety... This summer will have served to raise consciousness" about airline safety, Barrot said of August's spate of fatal accidents.
The European Commission said on Friday a list of airlines banned from flying in the whole European Union due to safety concerns could be available within six months.
In the meantime, the French ban affects: Air Koryo (North Korea); Air Saint Thomas (US); International Air Services (Liberia); Lineas Aer de Mozambique (Mozambique) and Transairways chartered by LAM; Phuket Airlines (Thailand).
Belgium's Transport Ministry said on its web site on Monday that it had suspended landing permits for: Africa Lines (Central African Republic), Air Memphis (Egypt), Air Van Airlines (Armenia), Central Air Express (Democratic Republic of Congo), I.C.T.T.P.W. (Libya), International Air Tours (Nigeria), Johnsons Air (Ghana), Silverback Cargo Freighters (Rwanda) and South Airlines (Ukraine).